Newspapers are printed on newsprint, an uncoated groundwood paper made by mechanically grinding wood pulp without first removing lignin and other wood pulp components. Traditionally, newspapers are the largest component by weight and volume of a curbside recycling program.
"Groundwood inserts," the preprinted advertising inserts placed inside newspapers, supply 29 percent of the overall newspaper tonnage.
In 2008, approximately 48.6 million copies were sold every weekday by the 1,408 daily U.S. newspapers. On Sunday, 902 newspapers sold 49.1 million copies, averaging 2.5 readers per copy. Newspaper readership has declined since 1990, with page counts plunging in the last eight years.
With $45 billion in advertising ($42 billion in print, $3 billion on the Web), newspapers had less than 18 percent market share of advertising in 2007. Total advertising continues to decline.
In 2008, newspaper generation was 1.7 million tons higher than in 1960, but newspaper's solid waste market share decreased by 56 percent. Newspaper recycling increased by 5.92 million tons and the recycling rate increased by 243 percent during this same period. However, the amount of newspapers generated and recycled has plummeted in the last decade, due to declining readership.
Chaz Miller is state programs director for the National Solid Wastes Management Association, Washington. E-mail him at: [email protected].
Newspapers MSW Facts
- 8.8 million tons, or 3.5% by weight.
- 57.88 pounds per person per year.
- 7.74 million tons, an 88.0% recovery rate.
- 9.6 million tons, a 72.4% recovery rate in 2006 (industry data).
- 32% for American newspapers.
- 27 states have voluntary or mandatory recycled fiber requirements for newspapers.
- Highly compostable with only trace amounts of ink in the compost.
Burned or Landfilled:
- 1.06 million tons, or 0.6% of discarded MSW by weight.
- Per pound Btu value of 7,500 is 50% higher than a pound of garbage.
- 15.3 million cubic yards, or 3.6% of lanfilled MSW by volume in 1997.
- 12" stack weighs 35 pounds.
- Loose, unbaled newspapers weigh 360 - 500 pounds per cubic yard.
- Baled newspapers weigh 720 - 1,000 pounds per cubic yard.
- Landfilled newspapers weigh 800 pounds per cubic yard.
- Newspapers use a lighter paper weight and smaller paper size to use less paper.
- On-line newspapers an electronic alternative.
- Exports are the largest market for recycled newspapers. Making old newspapers into newsprint that can then be used to print newspapers is next. Other markets include paperboard and other paper products, cellulose insulation, and animal bedding.
End Market Specifications:
- ISRI guidelines for curbside collected newspaper include grades: 6 (news), 7 (news, deink quality), and 8 (news, special de-ink quality) which allow for decreasingly lower levels of contamination.
- Generally, ONP should be kept dry and clean.
American Forest and Paper Association, www.afandpa.org
"Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: 2008 Facts and Figures," U.S. EPA, Office of Solid Waste, 2009, www.epa.gov/msw/msw99.htm
"Measurement Standards and Reporting Guidelines," National Recycling Coaltion, 1990, www.nrc-recycle.org
Newspaper Association of America, www.naa.org
"Scrap Specifications Circular 2009: Guidelines for Paper Stock," Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, www.isri.org
Data is from 2008 EPA estimates, except where noted.