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Articles from 1998 In September
landfills: How Boats, Planes and Wildlife Can Co-exist at the Old Landfill
Plans for a model airplane field atop an old landfill may take flight if two Texas communities agree. This creative concept for a closed site is the result of an arrangement between the Brazos Valley Solid Waste Management Agency (BVSWMA), which serves both College Station and Bryan, Texas, and College Station's park department.
The city of College Station originally permitted the Rock Prairie Road Landfill in 1981 to serve Bryan and College Station, A&M University and 13 surrounding counties. BVSWMA was established in 1990 and now is responsible for the landfill's operation, closure and post-closure maintenance.
The 120-acre site includes 69 acres of disposal area and is adjacent to Lick Creek. Since off-site clay materials were needed to complete fill operations and closure, BVSWMA acquired 70 adjacent acres as a source of borrow material. Excavation and borrow material use began in 1994.
In 1995, BVSWMA turned to College Station Parks and Recreation Department for possible end-uses for the landfill and borrow area. In addition to the typical ideas for baseball and soccer fields, the Parks Department suggested fulfilling more unusual requests from local remote control plane and boat enthusiasts, the Brazos County Archery Association, proponents of nature trails and local fishermen. These novel ideas formed the basis for a conceptual end-use plan.
BVSWMA had several objectives as it planned area development and initiated the end-use plan. The agency wanted to ensure efficient development of the borrow operation throughout the landfill's remaining life. It also wanted to leave behind an asset that would be valued by local citizens.
To ensure that the flooded borrow pits would not stagnate, they would be hydraulically connected to Lick Creek. The new 20-acre lake is approximately 20 feet deep, and would accommodate a remote-controlled boat facility at one end and a fishing dock at another. A radio-controlled model airplane field will be located atop the closed landfill, while the terraced landfill side slope between the boat and plane facilities seemed like the obvious site for a bleacher-like observation area. The area adjacent to the lake and the creek could be used for RV camping [see map on page 18].
High-quality wetlands can be developed around the lake's perimeter and in the wooded creek area. These improvements could be eligible for use as mitigation, if needed by BVSWMA during its next landfill establishment, or for sale of wetland mitigation credits to other developers.
The wooded area closest to the wetland and creek was designated to accommodate either a walking archery trail or a disk-golf course that could be linked to hiking or biking trails.
The conceptual end-use plan has received strong support from BVSWMA's Board of Directors, the College Station Parks and Recreation Board, and the public. Even with this initial support, the plan's implementation will require the two cities, the Parks and Recreation Department and BVSWMA to work together.
BVSWMA will take responsibility for most of the plan's basic earthwork activities, as well as handle landfill maintenance and monitoring for at least 30 years after closure. However, College Station must be involved in the development and maintenance of park-related facilities, too. College Station will manage park-related improvements in the Lick Creek Recreational Area, and will mow the landfill.
Notes USA Waste Services Inc., Houston, has sold $500 million of senior notes. Net proceeds from the offerings will be used to repay indebtedness under the company's bank credit facility.
People Carl Einberger has joined Hart Crowser, Seattle, as associate hydrogeologist.
Craig Fergusson has joined the sales and marketing department of Landfill Gas & Environmental Products Inc., Santee, Calif.
William F. Bonham has been named executive vice president and chief operating officer for Med/Waste Inc., Miami Lakes, Fla.
Equipment Specs Checks and Balances
The city of Los Angeles' Fleet Services Division has a Technical Services section, staffed primarily by engineers, that is involved throughout the entire equipment procurement process.
This staff's most important role is to ensure that the city departments acquire the best equipment to perform a particular task, while taking into consideration performance and maintenance requirements.
Another important concern is the feasibility of manufacturing and/or availability of spec'd equipment by the dealer.
The section answers technical questions from dealers that are responding to a bid request and also works with the city's purchasing agent to analyze the bids to identify dealers that have complied with the specs.
This process involves reviewing the vehicle summary sheets provided to the dealer by the factory and conferring with the contractors and/or the factory about discrepancies between the vehicle summary sheets and the specs.
Certain types of specialized equipment require that the dealer submit engineering drawings and/or certifications. Equipment such as a refuse truck requires the engineering drawings to be analyzed and approved by an independent engineer before the city will accept them.
Once the purchasing agent has awarded the purchase order to a dealer, Technical Services sets a "pre-production" date meeting, which will be attended by the ordering department, the dealer, a factory representative and the body company contracted by the dealer.
The factory notifies the dealer and Technical Services when the chassis has been built and is ready for inspection. A "factory prototype vehicle inspection meeting" is held at the factory. The factory provides Technical Services with a build sheet, which resembles the vehicle summary sheet submitted by the dealer.
Technical Services verifies that all components are supplied and that specs have been met. Most components can be verified visually, while others, such as axle ratios and tensile strength of steel, must be accepted per factory guarantee.
Technical services identifies the corrections or adjustments required from the factory and then gives approval for the chassis to be sent to the body company. If the order is for multiple units, Technical Services gives the factory approval to continue production.
Next, Technical Services examines the chassis when it arrives at the body company to confirm that all factory corrections and adjustments have been made. If so, the body company proceeds with the body installation.
This installation subsequently is inspected by Technical Services to assure that it meets specifications.
Before Technical Services approves delivery, the body company must provide proof of the rating of the steel used in the body, test equipment functions and make the necessary adjustments.
Upon delivery, Technical Services performs a final inspection and signs the paperwork. Only then can city personnel assign the equipment a number, affix city emblems and notify the requesting department about the delivery.
Depending on the equipment type, some items may require more attention than others. The bid requests state which meetings, inspections, certifications and supporting documents are required.
However, regardless of the equipment type, Technical Services' diligence assures that the city of Los Angeles' equipment meets its set specs.
1999 Truck & Body Report
Bridgeport Refuse Trucks, Bridgeport, Texas offers several models including an automated side loader (the BRTASL), which can service 32- to 450-gallon containers with one set of grippers and a dual-compartment, automated side loader for same-day service of both trash and recyclables. It is available in sizes ranging from 20 to 34 cubic yards (cys), including a 3-cy hopper. Bridgeport's front loader is available in capacities ranging from 30 to 42 cys, with either a full-eject or hoist body. The packing cycle lasts approximately 17 seconds, and the loading cycle is approximately 12 seconds. Bridgeport's manual side loader is available in sizes from 16 to 37 cys, including a 1.5-cy hopper.
Crane Carrier Co. Crane Carrier Co. (CCC), Tulsa, Okla., offers vehicles that are built as one complete unit with chassis and compaction bodies integrated on the production line. The "packaged" front loader features a low-entry chassis and body with 8,000-pound (lb) capacity lift arms, 5" diameter lift arm cylinders, 18 to 20 second lift cycles and a 38-cy capacity base model body.
The RRL rear loader, with dual compartments, comes in 25- or 28-cy capacity models. The RRL body also can be mounted on a non-CCC chassis.
The integrated front loader (IFL) comes in 44- and 49-cy capacity models, as well as in a 44-cy model with a pusher lift axle. It has a container lift capacity of 8,000 lbs.
The integrated rear loader (IRL) single drive axle models come with a 20-cy capacity or a 22-cy capacity with pusher lift axle. The IRL tandem drive axle models are available in 28 and 31 cys, and 31 cys with a pusher lift axle.
Dempster Equipment Co. The RFL (residential front loader) from Dempster, Toccoa, Ga., has curbside drive and side-mounted cart dumpers for single-operator collection. It features a short wheelbase of 185" (tandem) and 197" (triaxle). Container dump cycle time is reported to be under 15 seconds, and packing cycle time ranges from 14 to 18 seconds. The hopper capacity is 7 cys and total volume capacity is 33 cys.
The DM2 mid-packing front loader has a 40-cy body, a 16-second lift and load cycle, and a 30-second compaction cycle while the vehicle is in motion.
The XHD heavy-duty front loader comes in two models (33 cys and 38 cys), has a 16-second loading cycle and a 47-second packing cycle.
The company's Route King II rear loader has a 3-cy, pre-crushing hopper and a swing-link packer. It comes in three models - 20, 25 and 32 cys.
The Dempster Dumpster detachable container system has evolved into six models, ranging in capacities from 7,600 lbs to 23,000 lbs. It empties containers with capacities up to 15 cys.
The company manufactures two recycling bodies. The RecyclePac II features a side-loading dual bin and hopper design, dual independently controlled tailgates and three body capacities. The Recycle One is an automated curbside recycling loader with a 12-second loading cycle. It comes in either single-side or dual-side versions, and the number and size of its compartments are adjustable.
Flow Boy/Impac Norman, Okla.-based Impac side-loading compaction bodies, available in 20- to 33-cy capacities, are fully automated for a one-man, in-cab operation. They can handle steel or plastic containers ranging from 24" to 55" in diameter. They can be designed for right- or left-side pickups.
The Impac Sprinter Series has a lift arm with a 30" or 48" reach, and a lift capacity of 3,000 lbs. A universal lift option is available for 90- to 300-gallon, round plastic containers. It comes in 30-, 36-, 38- and 40-cy capacity models with container lift/ dump/return cycles of 12 seconds and automatic pack/return cycles of approximately 20 seconds.
Groupe Chagnon The rear-end loader CRE series' (Chagnon, Quebec) features include unequal weight transfer to the front axle, a one piece rounded floor and a tailgate working height of 34" with hydraulic locking latches. The CRE series is available in capacities of 16, 18, 20, 25 and 32 cys.
The front-end CFE series has in-cab controls, a hopper sliding door, tailgate automatic/hydraulic latches, a compaction cycle time of 25 seconds and container unloading cycle time of 20 seconds. The CFE half-pack type has a capacity of 40 cys.
Heil Environmental Industries Heil, Chattanooga, Tenn., has introduced several new products. The DuraPack Big Bite rear loader (available in early 1999) has a one-piece steel body sidewall and reinforced hopper lid. It has 98,000 lbs of packing force through its 2,500 pounds per square inch (psi) hydraulic system.
The DuraPack Half/Pack SC (Southern California) and WC (West Coast) front loaders (available in October) feature seamless, curved body sides, clamp-on arms, sump clean-out doors and in-cab control centers.
The Retriever Satellite side loader is available in 6- and 10-cy models. It packs 600 to 900 lbs per yard. The side loader line also includes the 12- and 14-yard models.
The Formula 7000 Split Body is a fully automated unit with a divider in the hopper that diverts comingled recyclables into the top compartment while sending refuse or another commodity into the bottom compartment. The twin tailgate allows each to be dumped separately.
The Recycle 2000, available in 33 and 38 cys, provides either dual or single side loading bins that empty into separate compartments. The Formula 5000 rear loader is available in sizes ranging from 18 to 32 cys, while the Formula 4000 rear loader is available in body sizes ranging from 13 to 25 cys with a narrow body width (84 inches) in 11- and 18-cy sizes.
Heil also makes the Dura Pack Half/Pack front loader in 35- and 40-cy models, the Rapid Rail automated side loader and the Starr System with a fully detachable body.
Kann Manufacturing Corp. Guttenberg, Iowa-based Kann's line of recycling bodies include manual-loading, semi-automated, side-dump and rear-dump models, as well as standard front loaders in residential and commercial styles with full-eject and dump-style bodies.
Co-collection front-loading vehicles in two- and three-stream configurations also are offered. Independently adjustable hydraulic pressure provides compaction. The tailgate rotates 135 degrees for unrestricted dumping. Troughs have a one-yard capacity and 1,000-lb lift capacity. Cart tipper capability is optional.
LaBrie Quebec-based LaBrie's partial pack-full eject front end loader weighs 16,000 lbs, has an overall width of 96" and height of 117", has a curved profile and has a capacity of 40 cys, including the hopper.
The Top Select single side-loading recycling unit has 42-cy capacity. It is available with right-hand or left-hand side loading. The Top Select 2000 has a 37.5-cy capacity body. Both units can be mounted on various types of chassis. The Expert 2000 automated unit comes with a 33-cy capacity. It also is available with right-hand cab modification.
Leach The Curbtender from Leach, Oshkosh, Wis., has an arm that reaches up to 8' and lifts 2,000 lbs. Interchangeable grippers allow for handling of 30-, 60-, 90- and 450-gallon carts. Simultaneous load and pack operation allows for continuous collection. The 4-cy hopper features 11/44" AR400-rated steel flooring. It is available in 20-, 24-, 27- and 31-cy models.
The Millennium front loader arms have an 8,000-lb lifting capacity and single-piece floor trough made from 51/416" 80,000 psi steel. The 2RII rear loader is designed to hold construction and demolition debris. It has a 11/42"-thick, 3-yard capacity hopper with 50,000 psi steel on the hopper's sides and 100,000 psi steel on the bottom. It is available in 20-, 25-, 31- and 33-cy body models.
McClain E-Z Pack The Hercules commercial front loader from McClain, Galion, Ohio, has a compaction cycle time of 25 seconds and a lift arm cycle time of 20 seconds. The curved rear body floor creates a 100-gallon sump, which retains liquids. It is available in capacities of 34, 40 and 45 cys.
The company's Hi-Capacity side loader has a 10 to 12 second packing cycle and is available in 29-, 34- and 39-cy models. It also features a "crusher panel" to level bulky objects.
The Golaith G-300 residential rear loader is available in 18-, 20-, 25- and 31-cy bodies. The loading height is 511/42" below the chassis to reduce operator fatigue.
The Apollo A300 residential rear loader has a 3-cy hopper and is available in 18-, 20- and 25-cy sizes.
The Hercules AFL automated front loader features a forward-mounted arm with grippers that can be rotated from the side position to directly in front of the cab. The body is available in 27- and 33-cy models.
Manupac Boisbriand, Quebec-based Manupac's rear loader is available in two models: a 20- or 25-cy capacity unit. The Benpac 20-cy model has an overall width of 98", height of 92", body length of 356" and hopper size of 2 cys. The Benpac 25-cy model has a 98" width, 92" height, 392" body length and 3-cy hopper size.
The company's front loaders can hold either 34 or 40 cys.
Pak-Mor Pak-Mor, San Antonio, Texas, offers side, front and rear loaders. The ASR400 Curb Liner automated side loader's telescopic boom has a service range of 88" from the chassis. It can lift up to 2,500 lbs and can handle containers from 60 to 440 gallons without adjusting or changing the arms.
Scranton Manufacturing Co. Scranton, Scranton, Iowa, is offering an extensive line of New Way refuse bodies from 6 yards to 40 cys. Its purchase of Bridgeport Truck Manufacturing (see Bridgeport listing) has added front loaders, large automated vehicles and drop frame side loaders to its current line of rear loaders, satellites and side loaders. In the near future, Scranton expects to offer a split-body, automated, scale-based vehicle that can pick up recyclable items and trash in one pass and offer scale-based billing.
Smart Trucks Smart Trucks' STS F.L.A.R.E. (front load automated residential escort), a hydraulic and electrical power system, has a 3-point, quick-disconnect system for commercial/residential route switching. Operated by a single, multi-axis joystick in the cab, the arm can extend, grip, rotate and dump a waste receptacle in one motion. F.L.A.R.E.'s 4.7-cy capacity allows an average collection performance of 8 seconds per cycle, according to the company.
The Moreno Valley, Calif.-based company's STS K-7000 front loader has a tapered, cylindrical body that increases circumference at the rear. Compaction is said to be increased using a lower 44"-high monorail packer blade that glides on self-lubricated wear plates.
Universal Handling The UFL 80/40 Half Pack front end loader from Universal Handling, Ontario, features a 40-yard capacity and 8,000-lb arm lifting capacity. Overall length is 400" with a 210" wheelbase. A hydraulically controlled top door operates independently of the arm movement. The unit also features hydraulically cushioned arm cylinders. It comes with a 12-month parts and labor warranty.
The Propack rear end loader features a cycle time of 20 seconds and a 3-cy hopper. It comes in 20-, 25- and 32-cy capacities.
Walinga The Walinga (Ontario) Champion curbside recycling vehicle is equipped with right hand, stand-up drive, a curbside sliding door and standard door on the street side. It has a 46-yard capacity with a 4- to 7-yard hydraulic Bustle Gate. Cardboard collection gates can be supplied for source separation with a capacity of up to 7 cys. A 16" loading bucket is standard. The automatic cart lifter is designed to accommodate multiple auto-lock roll carts, and the glass divider facilitates roll cart collection of color separated glass.
Wayne Engineering Corp. Wayne, Cedar Falls, Iowa, debuted the 1999 Alley Cat line at the 1998 WasteExpo show in Chicago. The Super Series rear loaders offer capacities of 6 and 8 cys, and the curved shell Royal GT rear loaders, come in 10-, 12-, 14- and 16-cy capacities. The TomCat 6- and 10-cy satellite side loaders offer automatic cycle, a loading area height of 20", clean-out sump access doors and a curved-shell body design. The rest of the Alley Cat line includes the 6-cy Pup side loader.
Wittke Waste Equipment The Starlight series from Wittke, Alberta, Canada, is designed for larger loads in residential or commercial configurations. It comes with body capacities of 38, 40 or 44 cys. Automatic pack/return cycle is estimated at 20 seconds. Arm up/down dump cycle time is approximately 10 seconds.
The Sprinter Series in 30-, 34-, 38- and 40-cy capacity models can be installed on a forward or conventional cab chassis. It has a 48" reach with 3,000-lb lift capacity and 12-second lift and dump cycle time.
The Express series is designed with an extra large hopper loading door and comes in body capacities of 25, 29, 33 or 37 cys.
The Burro series has 500 lb/cy compaction ratio and can be installed on any 1 ton chassis with a 15,000-lbs gross vehicle weight (GVW).
Refuse Trucks Class 8 Bering Fort Royal, Va.-based Bering Truck Corp., the newest U.S.-based truck company, is rolling out a new cabover line. The trucks combine U.S.-manufactured powertrains and components with Hyundai chassis and COE technology. U.S.-based suppliers include Cummins, Detroit Diesel, Dana and Eaton. The cabovers initially will be built by Hyundai to Bering's specs and then will be shipped to the United States.
Next year, Bering plans to do knockdown assembly of Class 7 to 8 vehicles at facilities under construction in Front Royal and will continue importing its Class 3 to 6 trucks.
The company will launch retail sales of Class 8 daycab tractors this October and plans to offer other heavy-duty vocational models starting in April 1999. Bering will offer the following Class 8 models over the next year: HD-160 cab chassis (37,690 maximum GVWR); HD-390 single-axle tractor (60,000 or 80,000 GCWR); HD-540 tandem tractor (80,000 GCWR); HD-270, (80,000 GVWR); and HD-370 (94,800 GVWR).
Freightliner Portland, Ore.-based Freightliner's big news is the arrival of its all-new Argosy cabover. The Class 8 COE, based on the original equipment manufacturer's (OEM) Century Class platform, is available in five versions: 63" daycab; 110" raised roof; and 90", 101" and 110" mid-roof sizes.
Joining the Class 7 to 8 range of Freightliner's Business Class is a new production version of the Cargo low-cab-forward truck, which was acquired when the OEM purchased Ford's heavy truck line last year.
The FC 70 single-axle Cargo carries a maximum GVWR of 35,000 lbs; the FC 80 version has a minimum GVWR of 31,000 lbs as a single-drive model and a maximum GVWR of 52,000 lbs as a twin-screw unit. For vocational applications, the FC 80 can be purchased with a 16,000-lb front suspension and 40,000-lb tandem rear suspension.
Cargo power comes from a Cummins ISB electronic turbodiesel engine in ratings from 175 horsepower (hp) to 215 hp. Available gearboxes include direct manual and mechanical automatic transmissions, as well as electronically controlled Allison automatics.
Mack Trucks Mack Trucks, Allentown, Pa., is making changes in engine and component availability on its Class 8 models. Mack's E-Tech engine now is being offered on all models as is factory installation of lift axles. In addition, Allison's World automatic transmissions now are available on MR Series trucks. Mack also has introduced a cast-iron 46,000-lb axle for vocational use.
In other Mack news: The OEM signed a long-term supplier agreement that establishes Dana Corp. as its original equipment supplier of Spicer Eaton-brand drive and steer axles for all current and future versions of the CH chassis. Mack also will offer its proprietary on-highway, heavy-duty axles as an option and will make other Spicer Eaton axles available as preferred supplier options.
Mack notes that the agreement is exclusive to its on-highway trucks and that its own axles will remain standard on vocational models. The Spicer Eaton axles will carry the basic 3-year/300,000 miles warranty coverage. An extended warranty also will be available.
Navistar Navistar International Transportation Corp., Chicago, has launched the International Eagle 9900, a long-nose conventional.
The 9900 shares a common chassis with the existing International 9200 and 9400 long-nose models. The new 6 x 4 has a 120"-BBC measurement and a set-forward front axle. The 9900 will be the first International available with 600-hp Cat and Cummins engines. Other engine options range from 11 liters to 14 liters.
Peterbilt Peterbilt Motors Co., Denton, Texas, is rolling out a new premium, on-highway Class 8 aerodynamic conventional early in 1999. Details will be announced later. In the meantime, the truck builder is introducing a new premium-level interior dubbed "Canadian/American Class Platinum."
This year, Pete is offering an exclusive rating 565 hp at 1,850 pounds per foot (lbs/ft) of the Cummins Signature diesel in its Class 8s. It also will make available Eaton's AutoShift automated-mechanical transmission system.
Sterling Sterling Truck Corp., Willoughby, Ohio, offers both its A-Line tractor lineup, which descended from the Ford AeroMax, and its L-Line vocational models, which draw their heritage from Ford's Louisville. All A-Line and L-Line vehicles can be spec'd with single or tandem rear axles. In addition, Sterling is offering the low-cab-forward Cargo, which also will be carried by its sister firm, Freightliner, as a truck and tractor with GVW ratings that extend into Class 8.
A-Line tractors are available either as medium 113"-BBC conventionals (A9513 and AT9513) or as long 122"-BBC units (A9522 and AT9522). The A-Line GVW range runs from 34,700 lbs to 54,600 lbs, and the maximum GCWR is set at 125,000 lbs. Premium diesels can be spec'd from Cat, Cummins and Detroit Diesel in ratings from 280 hp to 500 hp.
The L-Line consists of the L/ LT7500 (101" BBC), the L/LT8500 (111" or 113" BBC), and the L/LT9500 (101", 111", 113" and 122" BBC). GVW ratings range from 21,000 lbs to 66,000 lbs. Maximum GCWR on the heaviest model is 138,000 lbs. Engine options include mid-range and heavy-duty diesels with ratings covering a range from 280 hp to 400 hp.
Volvo Volvo, Greensboro, N.C., has introduced a new 6-cylinder electronic in-line pump diesel aimed at vocational operations. The 7.3-liter engine, which weighs 1,709 lbs, can be ordered on VNM, WG and Xpeditor vocational models.
Class 6 to 7 Bering Bering will offer two models in the medium-duty market. The HD120 is imported for Class 6 and has a 25,950 lbs GVWR. Featuring four wheelbase offerings from 149" to 224", the model is powered by Cummins' ISB 215-hp engine and is standard with a 6-speed manual transmission. The 120 can be beefed up to a 27,400-lbs-GVW rating.
To be built domestically in Front Royal, Va., starting next year, the HD160 cargo is Bering's entry into the Class 7 market. Rated at 32,950 lbs GVW, it is available in three wheelbases: 173", 230" and 244". Power is supplied by the Cummins ISC 285-hp engine. A 10-speed transmission is standard.
Ford Ford Motor Co., Detroit, anticipates no major changes to its F-Series line of medium-duty trucks and tractors. The 1999 F-800 will be available in only two GVWRs (26,000 lbs and 33,000 lbs) and with four engine/transmission combinations based on the Cummins ISB electronic diesel.
Freightliner Freightliner is bringing back the low-cab-forward Cargo (acquired from Ford last year) as the newest addition to its Business Class line. Available as single- or tandem-axle trucks or tractors, the two Cargo models straddle the line between Class 7 and 8. The FC 70, which has a single-drive axle, has a GVWR range running from 25,500 lbs to 35,000 lbs. The FC 80 starts at 31,000 lbs GVWR as a single-axle unit and reaches 52,000 lbs as a tandem-axle truck.
Standard power is supplied by Cummins' new ISB 6-cylinder electronic turbodiesel. Current ratings run from 175 hp to 215 hp. Available transmissions include direct manuals, mechanical automatic units and Allison electronically controlled automatics.
Hino The Hino Diesel Trucks, Orangeburg, N.Y., lineup includes the FD2220 and low-profile FD2220-LP rated at 22,300 lbs GVW. Five wheelbase lengths are available, ranging from 149" to 218". They can be ordered with either a 6-speed overdrive synchromesh manual transmission or Allison's AT452 4-speed automatic.
The Class 6 FE2620 has a 25,995-lbs-GVW rating and the Class 7 FF3020 has a 30,000-lbs-GVW rating. Filling out the top of the Class 7 line is the SG3320, which has a 32,900-lbs GVW. The unit is powered by a 200-hp J-Series diesel engine and a 6-speed direct-drive synchromesh manual transmission. Allison's MT643 automatic is optional.
Isuzu Introduced earlier this year, Whittier, Calif.-based Isuzu's 1999 F-Series cabs remain essentially unchanged from 1998, including the pricing. All F-Series are powered by Isuzu's 6HK1-TC turbocharged 6-cylinder overhead cam diesel engine.
The standard transmission on all F-Series is a manual, 6-speed Isuzu MLD6Q that is synchronized in second through sixth gears. The transmission has a standard PTO opening. The Allison AT545 4-speed automatic is optional on the FSR and FTR.
The Class 6 FSR Diesel, rated at 23,100 lbs GVW, features wheelbases of 140" to 248" and a 34" frame width. The Isuzu powerplant delivers 200 hp at 2,400 rpm and 441 lbs/ft of torque at 1,500 rpm. It is equipped with a 6-speed Isuzu MLD6Q manual transmission with overdrive, and an Allison AT545 automatic is optional.
The 1999 Class 7 FTR Diesel includes 140" to 248" wheelbase models with GVWRs of 25,950 lbs and 30,000 lbs. It offers the same power and transmission options as its Class 6 sister.
At the upper end of Class 7, Isuzu offers the FVR Diesel, a 33,000-lbs GVWR powered by the OEMs 7.1-liter diesel, which develops 230 hp at 2,400 rpm and 506 lbs/ft of torque at 1,500 rpm. With wheelbases ranging from 140" to 248", body length runs from 14' to 28'. The model is equipped with a 6-speed MLD6Q manual transmission.
Kenworth Kenworth Truck Co., Kirkland, Wash., has not announced major changes to its T300 (T3) conventional medium-duty trucks. Available as a truck or tractor with GVWR ratings starting at 26,000 lbs, the T3 offers a 13,200-lb front axle aimed at Class 7 operations. For '98, the T3 will be available with Cummins ISB and ISC diesel engines. Six- or 9-speed manual transmissions, as well as automatics, may be spec'd.
Mack Trucks Mack is adding a new sweeper model and several air-suspension options on its Class 6 to 7 Mid-Liner Series. The sweeper is a factory-built, dual-steer model. A Hendrickson rear-axle air suspension in 18,000-lb, 21,000-lb and 23,000-lbs ratings now are available on all Mid-Liners.
All MS and CS vehicles are offered with front-axle ratings up to 12,000 lbs and rear axles up to 20,000-lb capacity. Power offerings include 6-cylinder turbodiesels in ratings from 180 hp to 210 hp. MS tiltcab trucks are available with wheelbases ranging from 138" to 232". CS conventional models are offered with wheelbases running from 156" to 246".
Navistar Navistar has reported no significant changes to its lineup of medium-duty trucks until 2001, when the OEM will begin implementing its Next Generation Vehicle (NGV) program. The first NGV models will be for medium-duty applications, and the project eventually will encompass Navistar's entire line of International vehicles.
In the Class 6 to 7 range, International 4700-Series trucks and tractors are offered with GVWRs extending from 21,500 lbs to 46,000 lbs. Engine choices include International-brand diesels in ratings from 175 hp to 210 hp, plus engines by other manufacturers of up to 300 hp. Transmission offerings include 5-speed manuals and 4-speed Allison automatics.
Peterbilt Peterbilt is making no major changes to its Class 6 to 7 Model 330. The newest feature is the availability of a front axle rated at 16,000-lb capacity. The Model 330 is offered as a single-drive truck and as a single- or tandem-drive tractor. Available engine ratings run from 185 hp to 300 hp.
Sterling Two of Sterling's truck models span the Class 6 to 7 range, according to the company. The L7500, the first offering in the OEMs L-Line, is a shortnose conventional. It can be ordered as a single- or tandem-axle truck or as a tractor.
Truck GVWRs run from 21,000 lbs to 66,000 lbs. The tractor version boasts a GCWR of 80,000 lbs. Standard powerplant is a 215-hp rating of the Cummins midrange ISC. Optional engines include other Cummins, as well as Cats, in ratings from 175 hp to 300 hp.
A 5-speed manual is standard, and options include 10-speed manual, mechanical automatic and electronic automatic transmissions.
The OEM offers truck and tractor versions of the low-cab-forward Cargo, which also has joined the stable of its sister company, Freightliner.
The Sterling Cargo is available as a single-axle truck or tractor, and as a single- or tandem-axle tractor. The Class 6 to 7 SC7000 model offers GVWRs from 25,000 lbs to 35,000 lbs. The heavier SC8000 starts at the end of Class 7 (33,000 lbs) and can have a GVWR as high as 52,000 lbs.
The refuse truck body report was compiled by Patricia-Anne Tom, World Wastes' associate editor. The truck report was compiled by the editors of Fleet Owner magazine.
MARKETING: Information is the Main Course at a Landfill Lunch
It's just you, your staff and your Chamber of Commerce enjoying lunch atop a 111/42 millionton closed landfill cell. The ambiance at this planned event, hosted by the Delaware Solid Waste Authority, Dover, wasn't typical, but it gave local leadership the one thing that they need regularly: information about their solid waste operation.
If you haven't previously established open lines of communication with your community, it will be more difficult to allay concerns and build confidence in the midst of a solid waste problem. Details about solid waste operations are important at all times, and should be shared with everyone, whether they want the information or not.
Consistent, positive information will lay the groundwork for interaction and trust. Solid waste managers should communicate frequently and openly about what is occurring and why.
Don't know what to say? Here are some tips to overcome the obstacles.
Build good media relations. Dispel myths. People are likely to believe what they hear and read, particularly if no other information exists. Tell news reporters covering your activities what you are doing and why.
Get to know media contacts to understand their degree of knowledge, perspective, communication protocol and deadlines.
Provide consistent, concise, factual information about current and proposed activities. Include purpose, costs and direct community benefits, when possible. Use fact sheets, press kits, news releases and media advisories. Let the media know when something good is happening, such as a civic group tour or school program. A visually exciting activity may receive television coverage.
Respond to inquiries quickly and find press briefing opportunities at your facility or their offices at least once a year.
If you are facing "hot" issues, be prepared. Have an internal communications plan. Learn every issue aspect and understand where possible misconceptions are driving fears. Anticipate the questions you will be asked. Agree on the messages you want to send.
Make the messages short, factual and solution-oriented. You may wish to work with the media in advance to inform the community of important changes or additions to their waste management programs.
Communicate facts as they relate to the individual. The public can understand complex issues if you simplify the process and personalize costs and benefits. Use terms and examples that relate to daily life.
Charts and graphs can simplify the approach. For example, if you are dealing with a tipping fee increase at your landfill(s), relate the daily average cost per household to a cup of coffee or hamburger.
Provide detailed information "capsules" to facilitate comprehension. For instance, when preparing for landfill expansion, illustrate remaining landfill capacity as it relates to a football field. Then, define the time period left and the planning cycle needed, given proposed community waste generation.
Be calm in the face of adversity. Your approach to questions or conflict should be receptive to what others feel and say. View concerns as opportunities to share information. Even if what you are saying is not what the public wants to hear, it can be accepted as the best solution to a problem if it is presented in a positive, factual manner.
Hold a town meeting or informal community "roundtable," and get interested community members and leaders to help set the agenda. Make sure that the people involved with the daily operations are present and have responsible roles.
Be prepared. Provide copies of the agenda with contact names and numbers for people who prefer to ask questions privately. Listen intently, and if emotions are fueled with aggressive, negative comments, don't react. If you respond without being defensive, your calm will be noticed.
Be creative and proactive. Create diverse, interactive channels for sharing information. Brainstorm ideas with your staff. Empower people to get involved with outreach activities in ways that are important to them. Reach out to schools, elected officials, the media, community groups and senior citizens by conducting tours and offering educational presentations.
Kids are sponges for information. At a local elementary school, teachers can create a miniature landfill construction project from edible materials in the classroom.
The Luscious Layered Landfill [see recipe on page 8] uses Fruit Roll-ups for a liner, peanuts for gravel, graham crackers for sand, a Twizzler stick for a leachate collection pipe and Oreo cookie crumbs for soil. The trash comprises Skittles, sprinkles and pudding. The edible landfill is topped with whipped cream as foam for daily cover with, if the teacher alows, a candle as a landfill gas flare on the top. The activity is fun to make and eat, and participants learn about modern landfill systems.
Another good educational tool is a visual model of your landfill to help people understand complex issues such as leachate collection and management.
You want your community to see what you do, so find opportunities to bring your story to them. When complex issues need to be explained, use visual aids such as slides or overheads, and incorporate demonstration tools into your program.
Create a newsletter or column in your local paper to provide a forum for sharing information.
Work with as many organizations and individuals as possible to create partnerships for special projects and public awareness programs.
Finally, the next time you plan a business meeting with community leaders, why not hold it at the landfill? With a positive approach to education, most people who want to learn will learn.
Acquisitions Harding Lawson Associates Group Inc., Novato, Calif., has acquired ABB Environmental Services Inc. It will operate as Harding Lawson Associates ES.
Eastern Environmental Services Inc. (EES), Mt. Laurel, N.J., has signed an agreement to acquire a 450-acre Subtitle D landfill in southern Georgia. EES also has signed a purchase agreement to acquire Kimmins solid waste collection operations and transfer station, Jacksonville, Fla. And, EES has acquired All-Waste Systems, covering Orange County, N.Y., and Ulster Sanitation Inc., servicing Dutchess Counties, N.Y.
Heil Environmental Industries, Chattanooga, Tenn., has acquired the inventory and product lines of Oregon Western Industries Inc.
processing: Timing Just Right to Upgrade Tennessee Solid Waste Facility
The city of Knoxville, Tenn., has perfect timing. Just when it needed to modernize its transfer station and increase household hazardous waste (HHW) collection, the state offered up grants to build a permanent HHW collection center.
The transfer station site originally housed the city's incinerator and served as a garbage collection center. The city turned the site into a transfer station in 1972, and it remained virtually unchanged for several years.
Recognizing the need for modernization, Knoxville commissioned Draper Aden Associates, Blacksburg, Va., in 1995 to conduct an initial feasibility study. The consultant's waste characterization audit and cost-benefit analysis reviewed the site options among them closing the station.
The state of Tennessee also had made $500,000 grants available to build HHW collection centers in each of the state's four largest cities. Knoxville's success with its one-day, HHW collection events prompted the city to consider establishing a permanent collection center as part of its site renovation.
Historically, Knoxville's one-day, HHW collection events drew in more than 1,000 participants, many of whom exceeded their 100 pound-per-can limit. The city also was fielding hundreds of HHW phone calls each month, 30 percent of which required immediate disposal.
In 1995, the city hired the Waste Watch Center, Andover, Mass., to help determine the need for a HHW facility as well as evaluate several Knox County sites based on estimated capital and operational costs.
After reviewing the analysis, Knoxville decided to capitalize on the state's grant and begin a $2.5 million renovation of its transfer station, which would include the state's first permanent HHW collection center.
Sharing in the facility's operating expenses, Knox County signed an inter-municipal agreement, making the center regional.
Construction began in summer 1996 and was completed on schedule, on budget, in spring 1997.
The complex, which processes approximately 45,000 tons of garbage per year, contains three major facilities: the transfer station, the recycling/baling operation and the HHW collection center.
Transfer Station. The traffic pattern leading to the station was redesigned and a large queue lane was added to prevent vehicles from backing up onto city streets. The facility's entrance and exit were moved, which diverted traffic and noise from a nearby neighborhood. Landscaping also shields the site from the neighborhood's view.
A computerized scale system was added. Once the vehicle is weighed, a ticket is printed for both the customer and the city.
All waste now is discharged onto a tipping floor and pushed into new compaction pits. A new bay was added, which allows Class 3 to 4 waste to be segregated and loaded into an open-top trailer.
Recycling/Baling. A small material recovery facility (MRF) was built where materials such as cardboard are diverted and baled on-site. The building has ample storage space, and a loading dock allows the city to stockpile a significant amount of recyclables before they are marketed. A compartmentalized recycling trailer was purchased, which serves as an on-site recyclables drop-off point.
HHW Collection. The new HHW Collection Center:
* diverts reusable products;
* collects, blends and recycles latex paint;
* collects car batteries, oil and antifreeze;
* diverts selected acid and bases to wastewater treatment;
* vents aerosol containers and recycles the empty containers;
* bulks flammable materials; and
* packs miscellaneous HHW materials for shipment and disposal.
Here, individuals pull into a covered drive-though where facility staff remove HHW. Materials that are in good condition unopened containers or non-expired materials are separated and given to the public free of charge.
Materials that cannot be reused are processed by the staff. This includes testing unknown materials, diverting acids and bases, venting aerosols, bulking flammable materials, lab packing and blending paint. Latex-based paint is sent to a local firm to be remanufactured for city use.
After processing, materials are placed into 55-gallon drums, which are stored in one of two pre-fabricated units, each with electronic monitoring and security, fire suppression systems and drainage/spill containment systems. The materials are stored until sufficient quantities can be collected.
During the first month, more than 400 customers brought about 1,000 gallons of HHW. A chemist and technician operate the collection center, which is open Tuesday through Saturday.
The center also includes an employee break room, the transfer station foreman's and HHW supervisor's office space, as well as an education room. Additionally, storage space was added and a larger scalehouse was constructed.
The facility was designed to blend in with the area's commercial architecture. All site areas were paved or landscaped to mitigate dust and dirt. And, since the facility's opening, additional counties have indicated an interest in becoming partners with the city.
Agreements Verner, Liipfert, Bernhard, McPherson & Hand have chosen Gershman, Brickner & Bratton Inc., Fairfax, Va., to conduct an analysis of the city of Alexandria's and Arlington County's (Va.) waste-to-energy facility.
American Disposal Services Inc., Burr Ridge, Ill., has signed a definitive agreement to acquire Chicago Disposal Inc., adding approximately $24 million to the company's revenue.
Award Annapolis-based Maryland Environmental Service and Baltimore, Harford and Montgomery Counties have been selected as recipients of the 1998 Maryland Recyclers Coalition Award for the Best Market Development Program.
Equipment Specs: How to Get What You Pay For
As a fleet manager preparing to purchase equipment, you have planned, conferenced, studied, asked questions, attended equipment shows and informed yourself as best you could. Now, it is time to write the specs for your new equipment order. How do you know that what you request will be what you get?
The short answers: Deal with reliable manufacturers that warranty their products. Weigh quality against price. And, most importantly, realize that your expertise lies in using and maintaining the equipment not in designing or building it.
When I assumed the position as head of the city of Los Angeles' refuse division, I realized that I needed help with my equipment purchasing. This procedure did not resemble buying a family car: There were no lots, showrooms or advertisements to browse. Fortunately, I received a lot of guidance from a group of experts in the fleet management bureau and their technical services personnel.
As I learned how to spec, I realized that my expertise was in knowing how I needed this equipment to function. Building on that knowledge, the manufacturing representatives educated me as to what was possible to put into or on a vehicle.
Thus, I learned that equipment manufacturers and equipment users are allies. In order to reach the ally status, however, manufacturers and users first must understand one another.
To start forging this road of understanding, World Wastes asked a representative from an equipment manufacturer, Wayne Engineering Inc., and from an equipment buyer, the city of Los Angeles, for advice on how to ensure that the equipment delivered to the buyer will perform the required tasks.
UPDATE: Road-e-o Ropes in Two New Events
MCELHATTAN, PA. - Following a successful Road-e-o, the Solid Waste Association of North America's (SWANA) Keystone chapter hopes the two events it pioneered will be added to SWANA's national competition in 1999.
Both the haul truck and backhoe events were created for Keystone's 10th annual Road-e-o, which was held at the Clinton County Solid Waste Authority's Wayne Township Landfill. This was the first time the landfill hosted the event.
"We are trying to bring new life to this annual event by asking for more sponsors, having [relevant] events, promoting sponsors and asking them to set up displays at the event," says Jay Alexander, general manager for the Wayne Township Landfill and SWANA Keystone Chapter board member.
Twenty-six contestants representing nine regional landfills participated in one or more of the eight events: compactor, dozer, loader, haul truck, backhoe, rear loader, roll-off and transfer trailer.
Jerry Dotts, who represented Modern Landfill, York, Pa., was named grand champion of Keystone's equipment events, and Matt Snyder, who represented Lancaster County Solid Waste Authority, Lancaster, Pa., was named grand champion of Keystone's trucking events.
The first-place finishers from each category, except the haul truck and backhoe categories, represented the Keystone chapter at SWANA's national competition held July 23-25, 1998 in Greensboro, N.C.
At the national competition, Dotts placed second in the dozer event. In the articulated rubber tire loader event, Lee Linberg of Clinton County Solid Waste Authority placed first, and Roger Irvine of Modern Landfill placed second. And, in the national compactor event, Cliff Johnson of Lancaster County Solid Waste Authority placed second.
Internet PolyJohn Enterprises Corp., Whiting, Ind.: www.polyjohn.com
New Facility Bedminster Bioconversion Corp., Marietta, Ga., has begun construction of an $80 million co-composting facility in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, designed to handle 600 tons per day of municipal solid waste.
New Office SCS Engineers has opened its newest Texas office at 2340 E. Trinity Mills Road, Suite 300; Carrollton, Texas 75006. Phone: (972) 418-2934. Fax: (972) 418-2937.
LATE BREAK: Allied Waste, American Disposal Agree to Merge
SCOTTSDALE, ARIZ., & BURR RIDGE, ILL. Allied Waste Industries (NASDAQ: AWIN) and American Disposal Services (NASDAQ: ADSI) have agreed to merge by the end of fourth quarter 1998. Unanimously approved by both companies' board of directors, the combined company, "Allied Waste Industries," will be based in Scottsdale, Ariz.
American shareholders will receive 1.65 shares of Allied common stock for each share of American common stock. Allied will issue approximately 40.7 million shares in the transaction, representing a transaction equity value of approximately $1.1 billion, based on Allied's stock closing price on August 10, 1998.
The combined company has current annualized revenues of approximately $1.5 billion and will be the market leader in 25 states with 109 collection companies, 67 transfer stations and 69 landfills. It is expected that Allied's debt as a percentage of capital will decline from 69 percent at the end of second quarter 1998 to approximately 60 percent at closing.
Acquisitions Republic Industries Inc., Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., has signed agreements to acquire four automotive dealership groups in Austin, Texas, Atlanta, Torrance, Calif., and Cincinnati to add approximately $500 million in revenue to the company's operations.
Med/Waste Inc., Miami Lakes, Fla., has completed its purchase of Medwaste Inc., Philadelphia. It also has signed definitive agreements to acquire Med-waste Inc., Decatur, Ala., Target Medical Waste Services, Mobile, Ala., and Biotech Disposal Inc., Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.
Earth Tech., Long Beach, Calif., has agreed to acquire Rust Environment & Infrastructure, Bellingham, Wash.
Quick Quiz: True of False
1. Recycling can save communities money.
2. More plastic packaging is recovered for recycling than paper packaging.
3. Old corrugated boxes can be recycled.
4. Post-consumer paper is paper that has been used by consumers.
5. Only half of the states in the United States have mills that recycle.
6. It is possible to recycle 100 percent of the paper we use.
7. More paper is sent to landfills in the United States than is recovered.
8. Thirty-five percent of the fiber used in U.S. mills comes from recovered paper.
9. Wood fibers can be recycled indefinitely.
10. There are more trees in the United States today than there were 70 years ago.
Answers to QuickQuiz: 1.- True.
2.- False. More paper and paperboard packaging is recovered for recycling than all plastic, glass and metal combined.
5.- False. Forty-two out of the 50 states have mills using recovered paper.
6.- False. Because of permanent storage, contamination and fiber degradation, we could never recycle 100 percent of our paper.
7.- False. More paper is recovered in the United States than is sent to landfills.
9.- False. Fibers only can be recycled five to seven times before they become too short and "worn out" to be recycled again.
(c)1997, TAPPI, the Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry. Reprinted by permission. For more information, contact: TAPPI Public Outreach, P.O. Box 105113, Atlanta, Ga. 30348-5113. (800) 291-3145. Website: www.tappi.org
Call for Papers A call for papers has been issued for The Demanufacturing of Electronic Equipment, a second annual seminar and exhibit to be be held October 28-30, Deerfield Beach, Fla. Contact: Dr. S.P. Wolsky at (561) 391-3544. Fax: (561) 750-1367. E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.subcomm.com/FES
Consolidation The N.C. Recycling Association and S.C. Recycling Association have consolidated into the Carolina Recycling Association.
Contract CH2M Hill, Atlanta, is working on a $320 million remedial action contract for Naval Facilities Engineering Command's southern division.