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Articles from 2019 In November

PFAS: A Fast-moving Topic in Need of Updated Research

PFAS: A Fast-moving Topic in Need of Updated Research

The issue around per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) is a fast-moving topic with even slower-moving regulatory action. Now, a new movie, “Dark Waters,” featuring actor and activist Mark Ruffalo, is bringing even more focus to the human health and environmental problems associated with these “forever chemicals.”

The problem, however, is there are thousands of widely used PFAS compounds with varying carbon chains found in the everyday products we all use and rely on. There also is a void of updated scientific research, leaving experts in the solid waste industry with seemingly more questions than answers.

Light has been shone on two of the more infamous PFAS compounds: perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), which have been voluntarily phased out across the globe over the last two decades. They are the compounds typically referred to when discussing health implications related to liver disease, kidney cancer, high cholesterol, thyroid function, elevated liver enzymes and testicular cancer.

At the federal level, the House Committee on Oversight and Reform just held its fourth public hearing calling for a need for federal action on PFAS. During that hearing, Ruffalo, a key witness, testified about the dangers of PFAS contamination on human health and the environment. In the new film “Dark Waters,” Ruffalo plays attorney Robert Bilott, who testified before the subcommittee in September. Bilott defended thousands of plaintiffs in Parkersburg, W.Va., against DuPont de Nemours, Inc., a chemical manufacturer that allegedly knowingly contaminated the groundwater in Parkersburg with PFAS compounds and spent decades covering it up.

 A Fast-moving Topic in Need of Updated Research

The subcommittee met again on November 19 to urge the Trump administration and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate and clean up existing PFAS contamination in heavily impacted areas.

“The Environmental Protection Agency needs to set maximum contaminant levels under the Safe Drinking Water Act, not just for the two most notorious types of PFAS chemicals, PFOS and PFOA, but for PFAS as a class—a class of more than 5,000 different man-made chemicals,” said Subcommittee on Environment Chairman Harley Rouda during the hearing. “And DOD [the U.S. Department of Defense] needs to commit to cleaning up contamination around military sites expeditiously and work with the urgency this crisis demands to find an alternative to the PFAS-containing firefighting foam used in training exercises.”

EPA has developed a 72-page “PFAS Action Plan” outlining the steps it is taking to address PFAS. The plan describes EPA’s approach to identifying and understanding PFAS, approaches to addressing current PFAS contamination, preventing future contamination and communicating with the public about PFAS. According to EPA, the plan also describes broad actions EPA has underway to address challenges with PFAS in the environment, including next steps on the following four PFAS management actions:

  1. Initiating steps to evaluate the need for a maximum contaminant level for PFOA and PFOS.
  2. Beginning the necessary steps to propose designating PFOA and PFOS as “hazardous substances” through one of the available federal statutory mechanisms.
  3. Developing groundwater cleanup recommendations for PFOA and PFOS at contaminated sites.
  4. Developing toxicity values or oral reference doses for GenX chemicals and perfluorobutane sulfonic acid.

On November 25, EPA asked the public for input on potentially adding certain PFAS compounds to the list of chemicals companies are required to report to the agency as part of the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI).

“EPA continues to show critical leadership on addressing PFAS as we aggressively implement our PFAS Action Plan—the most comprehensive cross-agency plan to address an emerging chemical ever taken by EPA,” said EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler in a statement. “I started at the agency as a career employee in the TRI program and exploring the addition of certain PFAS chemicals to the TRI is an important step that can enhance this tool and provide important information to the public on these chemicals for the first time.”

TRI will provide the public with information about the use of certain chemicals by tracking their management and associated activities. U.S. facilities in different industry sectors must report annually how much of each chemical is released to the environment and/or managed through recycling, energy recovery and treatment. Currently, no PFAS chemicals are included on the list of chemicals required to report to TRI.

As EPA considers whether to add these chemicals to TRI, the agency will use public comments and information received in response to the Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) for two purposes. First, the public input will help the agency determine whether data and information are available to fulfill TRI’s chemical listing criteria. Second, EPA will use the input to help evaluate the extent and usefulness of the data that would be gathered under TRI.

All comments and information received in response to this ANPRM will be evaluated along with previously collected and assembled studies. If EPA decides to move forward with adding PFAS chemicals to TRI, the agency will publish a proposed rule and seek public comment on the proposal.

What Does This Mean for Solid Waste?

Bryan Staley, president and CEO of the Environmental Research & Education Foundation (EREF), told Waste360 that EPA’s PFAS Action Plan looks specifically at a maximum contaminant level now. He believes the agency is still trying to gather enough information to figure out exactly how to tackle this issue. Back in March, EREF released a request for pre-proposals targeting PFAS research and funding grants.

“There are various conversations happening around the legislative front, but different states are doing different things and they have different strategies that sometimes have different legislative outcomes,” explains Staley. “So, federal legislation would serve as a bit of a unifier of the legislation in some respects. But to me, at this point, it’s too early to tell what is going to come out of some of these oversight hearings.”

EREF’s research has focused largely on the highly contaminated sites, like military bases, and on landfill leachate. Because of the ubiquity of PFAS in society—PFAS is in 99 percent of the blood of all humans on the planet—Staley says it’s no surprise that PFAS shows up in wastewater treatment plant effluent, in surface water that ends up in drinking systems and in landfill leachate.

One of EREF’s scientific interests is to explore the level of PFAS going into the solid waste field via recycling, composting and even waste-to-energy. When recovering materials at a materials recovery facility, most likely contain PFAS, specifically for food contact paper. In addition, there has been talk of classifying PFAS substances as hazardous waste, which, if passed, would ultimately ban PFAS-containing materials from a typical Subtitle D municipal solid waste landfill.

 A Fast-moving Topic in Need of Updated Research

The New Hanover County landfill in North Carolina installed a reverse osmosis system to treat PFAS.

Anne Germain, the National Waste & Recycling Association’s (NWRA) vice president of technical and regulatory affairs, points out that because many of NWRA’s members operate landfills, they are paying close attention to PFAS as a growing issue among regulators, lawmakers and the public.

“A lot of what we do is try to make sure our members are up to speed on what is going on and then develop up-to-date information on what the state of the science is,” says Germain. “One of the things we are trying to make sure people understand is that [PFAS compounds] are not all the same.”

There are at least 4,500 different types of PFAS compounds. Thus far, EPA has set health advisories for two, PFOA and PFOS. EPA is also looking to target another 75 or so compounds for further research, explains Germain.

Although landfills will come up frequently in discussion as a source of PFAS, most people are exposed to PFAS from their own homes and living their daily lives, says Germain. PFAS compounds are contained in consumer goods such as carpet, leather and apparel, textiles, paper and packaging, coatings, rubber and plastics.

“That’s one of the things we wanted to convey,” she says. “[NWRA] released an Issue Brief earlier this year to convey that. We are also trying to make sure that as the public develops more questions, we have good, factual answers on all these issues.”

“Some people conflate them all and say that they’re all the same and don’t make the distinction between them,” adds Germain. “It’s very challenging to have a conversation and to say that ‘as we look at these, we know about these two [PFOS and PFOA]. Here are the levels for these two.’ But if people start asking about all the others, it’s challenging in so many regards because there are only test methodologies for a very limited number. For instance, test methodologies for analysis just recently came out that would include looking at other sources than drinking water.”

The other thing to think about is that as a society, there are many types of goods that we purchase and use as consumers that contain PFAS, and not all of them represent a significant exposure pathway for humans, Staley points out.

“So, there is a benefit to the PFAS-containing consumer goods, depending on which ones you look at. For example, outdoor raingear, such as waterproof boots and clothing—the vast majority of those have some type of PFAS compound, which is why water sheds off the clothing,” says Staley. “From a convenience standpoint, there are a tremendous number of benefits that society reaps from these materials. For me, it becomes a question of understanding exactly how dangerous they are to us and understanding what level of risk we are willing to accept as a society. If it’s no risk, then PFAS goes away. If it’s some risk, then what is the level we’re willing to accept? To me, that’s one of the central questions around this conversation.”

EREF’s RFP for PFAS Research

To date, EREF has received a strong response to its call for pre-proposals. Within the next two weeks, the foundation will decide to fund several PFAS proposals. EREF has focused its research on PFAS treatment at the landfill level, typically leachate.

The initial push for research was to better understand how to treat these PFAS compounds because they are more challenging to treat, especially at lower levels, than standard parameters treated in leachate, explains Staley.

 A Fast-moving Topic in Need of Updated Research

“The other aspect of the conversation that we want to understand from a scientific standpoint is what is the significance from an exposure pathway standpoint of PFAS as it relates to solid waste management,” he notes. “Some of the numbers out there suggest the vast majority of exposure is not from drinking water, unless it is a significantly contaminated site. So, if you’re near a firefighting training facility using foam or if you’re near a military base where there is groundwater contamination, that’s a different story.”

The numbers used, however, were calculated back when the C8 Science Panel was doing its work and research in the mid-2000s. For Staley, that raises the question: are they accurate now?

“I think it’s time for an update because a lot more has happened on the PFAS front,” he says. “The first two compounds were PFOS and PFOA, which have been voluntarily phased out, but now there are hundreds, if not thousands, more of PFAS compounds being used in commerce.”

PFAS compounds that exist range from a four-carbon chain compound to a 10-carbon chain compound. That’s important, says Staley, because different PFAS compounds behave differently.

Current research suggests that the PFAS compounds coming out of landfill leachate are shorter-chain compounds, which last in human blood for a shorter period.

“There is a complete vacuum of strong research right now in looking at exposure and health effects for these other PFAS compounds—the non-PFOA and the non-PFOS,” explains Staley. “We also need to understand the mass flow of PFAS that lead to human health exposure. In other words, are we eating more PFAS? Are we breathing more PFAS? Are we drinking more PFAS?”

“Here, to me, is kind of a big aha,” he adds. “If the truth is that we are getting a minimal exposure from drinking water, except for these highly contaminated sites, and the vast majority is coming from what we eat and breathe, that is where we should be focusing the scientific research, the regulations and the attention until we can demonstrate otherwise.”

In addition to funding, EREF has developed a compendium of all the PFAS research that has been conducted, specifically as it relates to solid waste management. It will be live on EREF’s website in December and will continue to be a work in progress.

What to Expect from EPA

In September, EPA announced roughly $6 million to fund research by eight organizations to expand the understanding of environmental risks posed by PFAS.

EPA reports that it continues to make progress under its PFAS Action Plan. To date, the agency:

  • Is moving forward with the drinking water standard setting process outlined in the Safe Drinking Water Act for PFOA and PFOS.
  • Will propose a regulatory determination for PFOA and PFOS by the end of this year.
  • Is gathering and evaluating information to determine if regulation is appropriate for other chemicals in the PFAS family.
  • On June 10 concluded public comment on the draft Interim Recommendations for Addressing Groundwater Contaminated with PFOA and PFOS. When finalized, it will provide cleanup guidance for federal cleanup programs (e.g., Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), better known as the federal Superfund program, and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act) that will be helpful to states and tribes.
  • Is initiating the regulatory development process for listing certain PFAS as hazardous substances under CERCLA. EPA said it will propose nationwide drinking water monitoring for PFAS under the next Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule cycle.
  • Is examining available information about PFAS released into surface waters by industrial sources to determine if additional study is needed for potential regulation. EPA said it plans to develop risk assessments for PFOA and PFOS to understand any potential health impacts.

The agency also claims it is validating analytical methods for surface water, groundwater, wastewater, soils, sediments and biosolids; developing new methods to test for PFAS in air and emissions; and improving laboratory methods to discover unknown PFAS.

Need to Know

Brunswick County, N.C., Plans for New Transfer Station

Brunswick County, N.C., Plans for New Transfer Station

Brunswick County, N.C., is planning to construct a new transfer station just south of its existing transfer station, which is nearing its operational capacity. The county’s new transfer station will be built to help accommodate growing waste streams at its landfill, Port City Daily reports.

According to the report, the county’s waste consultant will put the project out to bid in June 2020, with construction expected to begin in March 2021.

Port City Daily has more information:

After 20 years in service, Brunswick County’s existing transfer station is nearing its operational capacity.

Brunswick County is in the midst of planning a new transfer station, adjacent to its existing station on Landfill Road in Bolivia.

Commissioners approved entering into a $336,365 contract with Dewberry Engineers Inc., its longtime solid waste consultant, to plan a new transfer station at the county’s regular meeting Monday.

Read the full article here.

Need to Know

Philly Builds Urban Composting Facility

Bruce Bennett/Getty Images Philadelphia to Pay Double for Recycling Collection

In partnership with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection and the Pennsylvania Recycling Markets Center, the city of Philadelphia is building the state’s first urban composting facility. The new facility is expected to open in the spring.

According to WHYY, the facility will compost food scraps from 30 to 35 city recreation centers, with the goal of eventually scaling up to enable composting at all 156 city centers. Smaller-scale composting operations will happen at community gardens, schools and other recreational centers as part of the community composting network, the report notes.

WHYY has more information:

Philadelphia’s first city-wide composting facility will open in the spring. According to Mayor Jim Kenney’s Zero Waste and Litter Cabinet, this marks a major milestone toward Philly’s goal of eliminating landfills and incinerators by 2035.

A two-year update report, released on Monday by the Cabinet, describes the Lawncrest facility as the linchpin of the city’s plan to dramatically reduce the amount of waste buried and burned locally.

Philadelphia residents and businesses generated over two million tons of waste in 2017, according to the report. About half went to landfills and incinerators.

Read the full article here.

Need to Know

Oyster Bay, N.Y., Considers Recycling Facility at Landfill Site

Google Maps Oyster Bay, N.Y., Considers Recycling Facility at Landfill Site

The town of Oyster Bay, N.Y., may convert the Old Bethpage landfill site into a recycling management facility, Newsday reports.

Town officials recently approved spending up to $193,125 for contract work related to the solid waste disposal complex. According to the report, officials say they are examining different options to implement a new way to deal with sanitation in the town.

The complex is on 135 acres of town property and includes a 40,000-square-foot transfer station; a facility to weigh garbage and recyclables; a landfill gas collection system; a treatment facility for water that percolates through municipal waste; and a vehicle maintenance garage, offices and two incinerators that are not in use, according to the report.

Newsday has more:

The Old Bethpage landfill could be developed into a recycling management facility, according to Oyster Bay Town officials and town documents.

Last month the town issued a request for proposals for consulting services that include assisting Oyster Bay with “the planning and design of new solid waste and recycling management facilities at either the Old Bethpage Solid Waste Disposal Complex or other site.”

Deputy Town Supervisor Gregory Carman Jr. said last week that the town could put out a request for proposals in December for the development of the site as a recycling facility, but said additional details would be made available at a later date.

Read the full story here.

Need to Know

REMADE Unveils $24M to Advance Circular Economy

REMADE Unveils $24M to Advance Circular Economy

The REMADE Institute issued its third request for proposals (RFP) to develop transformational technologies to increase the recovery, reuse, remanufacturing and recycling of metals, polymers, fibers and e-waste.

REMADE said its investment will help solve some of the key technical challenges to deriving the energy, environmental and social benefits of a circular economy. The investment will support addressing knowledge gaps that can increase the recycling of plastics and increase the remanufacturing and reuse of products ranging from consumer electronics to high-performance engines. The institute also seeks education and workforce development content to support high-quality jobs in the economy and ensure that the workforce is trained to meet the changing needs of industry.

Variations in market dynamics have led to dramatic decreases in plastic recycling rates in the U.S. from 9.1 percent (2015) to 4.4 percent (2018), resulting in more plastic in landfills, incinerators, waste streams and the environment, including oceans. REMADE explained its investment will support the development of new recovery and recycling technology to reverse this trend and achieve the energy, environmental and social benefits associated with sustainable recycling of plastics.

By extending the useful life of products or components, remanufacturing provides a significant opportunity to increase energy efficiency, preserve material resources used and reduce the need for even more material and energy resources in U.S. manufacturing. Yet today, remanufacturing accounts for less than 2 percent intensity in sectors where remanufacturing is common.

Other examples of projects that REMADE will invest in include:

  • Develop new manufacturing and recycling technologies to increase secondary feedstock use in manufacturing by 20 percent without loss of properties or performance.
  • Develop cost-effective separation technologies that can more effectively and selectively separate and recover individual metals and plastics from e-waste with the purpose of increasing the current e-waste recycling rate by 30 percent.
  • Create design alternatives that increase the recovery, recycling, reuse and remanufacturing of products at the end of their lifecycle.
  • Provide cutting-edge training in recycling for the American workforce. This includes advanced education and workforce training in metals, fibers, electronic waste and plastics recycling.

Founded in May 2017, REMADE is a $140 million Manufacturing USA Institute co-funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. REMADE is the only national institute investing in the development of transformational technologies to support U.S. manufacturing in the transition to a circular economy.

Need to Know

GeoInsight Hires PFAS Trailblazer as New VP

GeoInsight Hires PFAS Trailblazer as New VP

GeoInsight, Inc., a New England-based firm providing strategy in environmental, engineering, water resource and environmental health and safety services, announced it has named Nikki Delude Roy as vice president (VP).

"GeoInsight is a group of technically excellent professionals. I am thrilled at the opportunity to combine my technical expertise, local network and organizational leadership experience to continue driving strategic growth at GeoInsight,” said Roy in a statement. “The culture of the firm—which combines strategic and technical thinking with genuine commitment to personal service—is a great fit for me, and I am excited to help grow and lead this team."

"Nikki truly embodies our philosophy. I am looking forward to seeing her leadership bring GeoInsight to new heights," said GeoInsight President Brian Kisiel in a statement.

With 15-plus years of technical and leadership experience, Roy is recognized in New England and beyond for her strategic approach to complex environmental challenges, according to GeoInsight. Her consulting expertise has focused on site assessment and remediation projects throughout the U.S. for transportation, manufacturing and waste sector clients. Prior to joining GeoInsight, Roy served Golder Associates as a senior consultant and New England and New York group leader. 

Over the past few years, Roy has become an industry thought leader through her work with emerging contaminants, including per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), and her efforts to keep abreast of the evolving regulatory scene. In addition to being involved in the regulatory, legal and strategic components of several large projects where emerging contaminants were identified as chemicals of concern, Roy has provided technical support to the New Hampshire Business and Industry Association (NH BIA) during the state’s development of PFAS legislation, where she received NH BIA's 2018 Above and Beyond Award.

Roy regularly presents at local and national conferences on issues associated with emerging contaminants and co-authored a national article for the American Bar Association.

"Nikki regularly shares valuable, technical expertise with her colleagues on BIA's Manufacturing & End Users Policy Committee,” said Jim Roche of NH BIA in a statement. “She was particularly helpful to us as we navigated public policy challenges surrounding regulation of emerging contaminants like PFAS. GeoInsight is gaining a knowledgeable, articulate and approachable asset in Nikki. We look forward to her continued contributions to BIA."

NWRA’s Sander Named to Green Building Initiative Standards Committee

NWRA’s Sander Named to Green Building Initiative Standards Committee

The National Waste & Recycling Association (NWRA) announced that Kirk Sander, chief of staff and vice president of safety and standards, was selected as a consensus body member for the continuous maintenance process of ANSI-GBI 01-2019: Green Globes Assessment Protocol for Commercial Buildings.

“I am glad Kirk was selected to serve on this standards-setting committee. Given his background and work, he is uniquely qualified. His presence means the waste and recycling industry will have a voice at the table on the design of facilities where our industry collects the waste and recyclables, with the goal to make collection safer and more efficient,” said NWRA President and CEO Darrell Smith in a statement.

NWRA serves as the secretariat for the ANSI Z245 Committee on Equipment Technology and Operations for Wastes and Recyclable Materials.

Advanced Disposal’s Stoeckigt Puts Safety First

Advanced Disposal’s Stoeckigt Puts Safety First

As a district manager with Advanced Disposal, Mike Stoeckigt oversees the operations for the state of Wisconsin. He was named a 2019 Waste360 40 Under 40 award recipient because of his reputation as a safety leader within the organization. In particular, Stoeckigt has led efforts to implement automation on more than 60 routes to improve safety and reduce the potential of injuries for his drivers. In 2017, one of his divisions was selected as the company’s Top Division of the Year and also took the award for Top Safety Performance.  

Stoeckigt recently spoke to Waste360 about his mission to travel the state, listen to employees and implement innovative technology and measures that put employee safety first.

Waste360: What are some of your major responsibilities?

Mike Stoeckigt: I am district manager for the state of Wisconsin for Advanced Disposal. I oversee the state of Wisconsin in terms of operations, finance, safety, maintenance, sales—the whole ball of wax. That includes meeting our budgeted goals for the quarter and the annualized year for the state of Wisconsin. It’s making sure all operations are running safely, timely, productively and efficiently.

The biggest thing is, obviously, safety from a waste industry standpoint. So, keeping our employees safe is at the forefront of my duties every day, as well as doing everything we can to make sure everybody comes in and goes home the same every day.

I travel around a lot throughout the state on a weekly basis, visiting sites and having conversations with each and every person at the sites. I get the positives and the negatives from everybody and take those to heart, build off of them, make changes and do things we need to do to make the state of Wisconsin better every day.

Waste360: Can you talk about safety measures you have implemented within your district?

Mike Stoeckigt: It’s really about traveling around and learning from people what they truly see and want to see changed.

I’m a true believer in not having rear-load trucks within the state of Wisconsin. I’m also a firm believer in having no manual pickups from a residential standpoint. Implementing rear-load to front-load conversions and implementing manual-to-automated conversions on the residential side is a huge factor in [the safety measures].

Then, it was just implementing the culture. At the end of the day, it’s having our managers truly believe in the culture where we care about each individual person throughout the state of Wisconsin. Like I said before, we want everybody to come and go home from work every day the same way they came. It’s also about really attacking every negative aspect within the district that could put that in jeopardy.

Waste360: Why was changing the trucks from rear loading to front loading so important to you?

Mike Stoeckigt: Because rear loaders are really a very dangerous application. For one, you have to be out of the truck in order to dump the containers. Once you get into the larger containers, with rear loaders on the back of the truck with a cable that’s attached to them, that is just a very dangerous application.

Also, one of the bigger things is you’re in the back of the truck, so you have a lot of distracted drivers these days that are texting, talking on the phone, eating, putting makeup on or doing whatever. These people that are in the back of the trucks, because it’s a rear-load truck, are in jeopardy of getting hit by those distracted drivers. When you’re in an automated truck and when you’re in a front-load truck, you’re in the truck doing the work. If you do get hit, your truck might get damaged, but you personally will not.

Waste360: I see you won a top safety performance award in 2017 from Advanced Disposal. Was that for those same initiatives and conversions?

Mike Stoeckigt: Yes, it was all of that. Our accident injury rates were extremely low that year and were always, from a state of Wisconsin standpoint, the lowest or trending to be the lowest within Advanced Disposal. We have a nice safety focus and a safety culture up here in Wisconsin.

Waste360: How did you get your start at Advanced Disposal?

Mike Stoeckigt: I came in initially with Veolia, and that was pre-Advanced Disposal. I came back in 2007 or 2008, as a controller of a couple of locations in Central Wisconsin. [Advanced Disposal Services acquired Veolia ES Solid Waste in 2012].

Waste360: What made you decide to make the switch to operations?

Mike Stoeckigt: I continued to learn and become very involved in the maintenance and the operational side from a finance side because obviously everything you do on maintenance, operations, sales and all of that ends up on the P&L [profit and loss] on the financial side. The more I learned about that, the more I felt like a business partner for the operation as a whole.

I became an area controller, and I oversaw the northern part of Wisconsin from a financial side. I did that for another two or three years, and then I flipped over to the operational side and became the district manager of that Northern Wisconsin tier. As things went on, I became [district manager] of the whole state of Wisconsin.

I didn’t go to school [to learn about operations]. I didn’t do anything of that nature. It was more so just being involved and learning from the people at the locations. I learned from a lot of good people and just grew from there.

Waste360: What do you like about this side of the house? Why is it interesting and challenging for you?

Mike Stoeckigt: I just like that it touches a lot of people. I’m a very big people person and love to affect people and make things better. With the state of Wisconsin, ultimately, I think I oversee 1,000 or 1,100 people—somewhere in that ballpark.

Just to be able to get out on a daily basis and visit with them and make their work life experience better, or have the ability to make their work life experience better, is really what hits me the most. I can do that through the operational side, the maintenance side and then it obviously all ties together on the P&L and income statement. It’s really making the best operational decision that also translates into a good financial decision. So, it’s nice having both wings of that experience.

Waste360: If you had any advice for a young person about working in the waste management industry, what might you say?

Mike Stoeckigt: I would say definitely do it, but you have to be willing to work if you want to make a great career out of it. Your work ethic has to be there. You have to strive to be the best because the industry does change on a daily basis. It's a fun industry, and it's an addictive industry, but you have to be willing to work for what you're going to get.

Composting: Increasing Processing Capacity, Improving Process Management, Minimizing Contamination (WasteExpo 2019)

Moderator: George Savage, CalRecovery

  • Infrastructure Improvements to Maximize Processing Capacity for Food and Yard Waste Composting, Staten Island Compost Facility, NY. Jeffrey Heath, GHD; Brian Fleury, Denali Water Solutions; Kirk Tomlinson, DSNY
  • Methods to Achieve 0.5% Contamination in Organics. Tracie Onstad Bills, SCS Engineers. CA
  • High Tech Composting, Off the Grid. Waylon Pleasanton Sustainable Generation, LLC. DE
Need to Know

Hawaii County Council Advances Waste Reduction Resolution

Hawaii County Council Advances Waste Reduction Resolution

A resolution to reduce waste and generate more clean energy has just made its way through several committees of the Hawaii County Council. The resolution will now head to the full council for a final vote.

West Hawaii Today reports that Resolution 301 urges officials from the Department of Environmental Management and Research and Development to collaborate on developing new waste reduction technologies and to find alternative energy sources for the island.

According to the report, the version of the resolution that passed was the second of two drafts created while it was going through committees. It includes language that specifically excludes waste incineration as a viable waste management strategy.

West Hawaii Today has more information:

The Hawaii County Council passed a resolution urging county agencies to work together to reduce waste and generate more clean energy.

Resolution 301 passed through several committees with widespread support from council members before arriving before the council Wednesday for a final vote.

The final text of the resolution urges the directors of the departments of Environmental Management and Research and Development to collaborate on developing new waste reduction technologies and find new alternative power sources for the island.

Read the full article here.