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Need to Know

Stericycle Study Exposes Americans’ Prescription Drug Sharing, Disposal Habits

One in 10 Americans have offered unused opioids to family and friends; more than one in four have flushed unused prescription drugs down the drain/toilet.

Despite that a majority of Americans (75 percent) believe that people sharing or selling their unused prescriptions, including opioids (e.g., oxycodone, hydrocodone, morphine), is contributing to the growth of the opioid epidemic, they are still sharing prescriptions. One in 10 Americans admit they’ve offered or given their unused prescription drugs to a friend or family member for either medical or recreational use.

That’s according to findings from the recent consumer study, “Unused Prescriptions & The Opioid Epidemic 2019,” conducted by Stericycle, a provider of specialized compliance-based healthcare and waste solutions.

Although the 1,200-person study revealed Americans are sharing their unused prescriptions, 72 percent believe having a safe and secure way to dispose of leftover/unused prescription drugs would help combat the opioid epidemic (up 3 percent from 2018 [69 percent]). In fact, the majority (71 percent) of Americans surveyed said their pharmacist, doctor or prescribing medical professional does not inform them of drug disposal methods, compared to nearly one in four Americans (24 percent) who say their pharmacist, doctor or prescribing medical professional has informed them.

This gap in education contributes to improper disposal methods with nearly one in three (29 percent) Americans admitting they have placed leftover/unused prescription drugs in the trash (up 4 percent from 2018) and more than one in four (26 percent) have flushed leftover/unused prescription drugs down the drain/toilet (up 1 percent from 2018). Despite improper disposal methods, more than half of Americans (60 percent) are concerned that the flushing of unused painkillers, like oxycodone, hydrocodone, morphine, etc., could pollute their drinking water or make its way into their communities’ rivers and lakes (down 1 percent from 2018).

“This report provides valuable insight on how consumers use, share and dispose of prescription drugs,” said Cindy Miller, president and CEO-elect of Stericycle, in a statement. “While solving the opioid epidemic is a complex issue that requires support from all angles, there are steps that consumers, healthcare providers and medical professionals can take today to combat the effects of the epidemic. We believe increasing education on how to safely and securely dispose of unused prescriptions is a critical step that prevents them from ending up in the wrong hands or in our waterways.”

Additional findings from the Stericycle study include:

  • The majority of Americans (86 percent) say they would feel comfortable asking their doctor or pharmacist how they should dispose of any unused portion of their prescriptions.
  • 80 percent of Americans say if their local pharmacy retailer had a free prescription/over-the-counter medication drop-off kiosk, they would use it to dispose of unused medication/prescriptions.
  • However, more than half of Americans (65 percent) do not know if their pharmacy allows them to turn in unused prescriptions for free.
  • Americans hold on to their unused prescriptions for future use (37 percent) (up 7 percent from 2018), for fear of their illness returning (35 percent) (up 3 percent from 2018) or because they don’t know how to get rid of them (18 percent) (up 4 percent from 2018).
  • In fact, 47 percent of Americans currently have one to three bottles of unused prescriptions in their medicine cabinet followed by 8 percent with four to six bottles, 2 percent with more than 10 bottles and 2 percent with seven to 10 bottles. This is compared to 2018 data which showed 42 percent of Americans had one to three bottles, 9 percent had four to six bottles and 2 percent had seven to 10 bottles.
  • Gen Z is the most likely to keep leftover/unused prescription drugs for future use with 40 percent admitting they have kept leftover/unused prescription drugs for future use, compared to 36 percent of Millennials and 37 percent of Baby Boomers who said the same.

The full report is available here.

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